Intel Optane is a ‘cache’ or basket of high-speed, non-volatile
(retains data when power is off) PCIe NVMe memory that sits between the PC RAM
(memory) and the hard disk. It can speed up hard disk access by hundreds of
Hard disk cache memory controllers are not new – they have been around almost since the PC itself. But they are expensive. They improve hard disk performance by reducing the number of accesses required to the much slower disk.
When the CPU tries to read data from the hard disk, the controller intercepts the request and reads it into the much faster cache. When data is not being accessed it sorts the disk (like defragmentation) and writes data sequentially to it to improve the cache’s access. It is all about reducing bottlenecks.
Intel Optane (Australian website here)
accelerates a computer’s responsiveness
by caching frequently used documents, pictures, videos and applications quickly
– less waiting – in Optane memory.
Intel loaned us a Dell Inspiron model 5570 (website here) with a 16GB Intel Optane M.2 module and a slow and low-cost 1TB, 5400RPM SATA/600 drive. The mission was to measure performance with, and without Intel Optane enabled.
Intel Optane’s effect
is quite dramatic as the Crystal Disk Mark graphs show.
The snail’s pace 1TB HDD goes from 78/53MBps (sequential read/write)
to 930/159MBps and hundreds of times faster with random read/write of larger
files. It is still nowhere near the blistering speeds of a top-drawer PCIe NVMe
SSD, but it is not bad for a slow, cheap drive. And Intel Optane should lengthen
the hard disks lifespan as it will be doing a fraction of the work it usually does.
Intel Optane memory has a recommended price of $89 (for 16GB) but its online for as little $19 plus freight (website here). A 1TB hard disk costs around $70-80. Do the maths!
Can you use Intel Optane?
You need a PC with an Intel 7thgeneration Core processor (or later) with an M.2 slot that supports PCIe NVMe. Put either a 16 or 32GB Intel Optane M.2 card in the slot, download Intel drivers and pair the Intel Optane to the hard disk. It is all painless and preserves all your data.
You can use even larger hard disks (now up to 14TB) and
speed them up with Intel Optane. We have not tested the 32GB version (about
$75), but I expect it would shine with larger files, e.g. video renders etc.
What about using PCIe NVME SSD instead?
By comparison, a 1TB M.2 PCIe NVMe SSD will cost around $400
and will achieve perhaps twice the Intel Optane speed but add no extra capacity.
If you spend a few hundred more on a Samsung 970 EVO SSD, you might get three times the Intel Optane speed.
GadgetGuy’s take. Why pay for speed you don’t need?
It should be a no-brainer (especially at $19) if you have
the right PC M.2 slot motherboard and a hard disk. It will make an appreciable difference to file read/write
If you don’t have a suitable motherboard then adding a SATA/600 SSD like the new Crucial BX500 (480GB for under $100 and GadgetGuyarticle here)will give you around 540/500Mbps sequential read/write speeds.