Last week marked Intels 50th year. To celebrate, the company put on a world-record-breaking drone show, featuring 2,018 drones flying in formation.
What has that got to do with a CPU maker? Well for starters 2,018 drones were powered by Intel CPUs. GadgetGuy has been around as long as Intel and remembers fondly its first 8-bit 8080 chip powering IBM’s first PC.
Intels 50th year – we re-live its history
Before the PC industry took off, Intel manufactured chips that became integral to everything from fuel pumps to airliners. It pioneered advancements in car engine control and changed the way technology is marketed. It has also made many big financial bets on its ability to continue advancing processor technology.
If you don’t want to read the comprehensive list below here are six of its most significant achievements.
1965: One of Intel’s founders, Gordon Moore, making the famous ‘Moore’s law’ prediction on processing power doubling
1971: Creating the world’s first microprocessor– which was first used in electronic calculators and went on to revolutionise personal computing
1984: Ford began using Intel chips as part of a major overhaul of the engine control system in Ford vehicles, creating a new industry standard
1995: Intel co-developed USB technology
2003: saw the introduction of ‘Centrino’ processors for mobile computing and wireless connectivity (laying the groundwork for widespread Wi-Fi)
2011: launched Thunderbolt high-speed PC connection technology, which allowed HD movies to download in less than 30 seconds
1959–1971: Speeding up chip development
Robert Noyce co-invented the integrated circuit in 1959.
In 1965, Gordon Moore predicted that the number of components in a microchip would double approximately every year for the next ten years, at a roughly fixed cost – a prediction later called Moore’s Law. Moore also saw a future for microchips throughout society.
By 1968, Noyce and Moore worked at Fairchild Semiconductor, the world’s largest producer of integrated circuits. They had co-founded the company with colleagues.
In July 1968, Noyce and Moore established Intel to conduct research and development the way they preferred.
Intel developed chips quickly by trying multiple technological approaches at the same time and seeing which was the most suitable. Moore called this a ‘Goldilocks’ technology strategy.
In April 1969, Intel released its first product, the 64-bit 3101 Static Random Access Memory (SRAM) chip. It was twice as fast as other SRAM chips on the market.
Also in 1969, Intel released its 1101 SRAM chip. It was the first company to use a Metal-Oxide-Semiconductor (MOS) process to mass-produce chips commercially. Intel was also the first to mass-produce chips that used silicon gates rather than metal.
In 1971, Intel introduced Erasable Programmable Read-Only Memory (EPROM). This made it possible to design new chip prototypes in hours rather than days or weeks. EPROM also helped make microprocessors more commercially viable, by making it easier to reprogram them.
1971–1978: Enabling the microprocessor revolution
In 1971, Intel released the world’s first microprocessor, the 4-bit 4004. Japanese company Busicom bought the rights to use the chip in its programmable electronic calculators. Intel recognised the microprocessor’s potential and bought back the chip design.
In 1974, Intel released the 8-bit 8080 chip, which was about ten times faster than the 8008. The chip was in thousands of devices – including the Altair 8800 personal computer.
In 1976, Intel debuted the MCS-48 family of microcontrollers, which would eventually be in everything from fuel pumps to airliners and a video game console.
1978–1995: Betting big on the PC industry
Intel released the 8086 processor in 1978. The chip was the first 16-bit processor and the first of other Intel processors based on the same x86 architecture.
In 1980, Intel’s Operation Crush marketing campaign shifted the focus of processor marketing from technical specifications to solving customers’ problems. Intel spent more than $2 million on the campaign, which resulted in about 2,500 design wins.
Intel’s marketing campaign led to IBM buying Intel’s 8088 processor for the first IBM PC.
In 1984, Ford chose Intel’s 8061 microcontroller for the Electronic Engine Control IV unit. This unit was part of a major overhaul of the engine control system in Ford vehicles.
The Intel Inside marketing campaign began in 1991. Intel initially spent $250 million on the campaign, which targeted consumers rather than industry insiders.
Intel collaborated to develop the Universal Serial Bus (USB) specification, which debuted in 1995. USB provided a standard way to connect peripherals to PCs.
1995–2016: Transforming Computing
In 2003, Intel released the Centrino processor. Centrino enabled mobile computing by integrating a mobile processor, related chipsets and 802.11 wireless network functions for better performance and battery life.
In 2007, Intel announced its biggest breakthrough in processor technology in 40 years – processors that used 45 nanometre (nm) transistors. To achieve this, Intel overcame the physical limitation of the silicon dioxide dielectrics the industry had used since the 1960s.
In 2011, Intel announced the availability of the Thunderbolt high-speed PC connection technology. Thunderbolt could transfer a full-length high definition movie in less than 30 seconds.
In 2011, Intel announced the Ultrabook laptop specification. It was the first time it had created a new device category specification for PC manufacturers.
In 2015, Intel and Micron announced a new non-volatile memory technology called 3D XPoint. It was up to 1,000 times faster than previous non-volatile memory, benefiting applications that needed fast access to large data sets. 3D XPoint would later become part of Intel’s Optane memory technology for PCs and data centres.
2016–2018: Evolving From a PC company to a Data Company
In 2016, Intel announced it was restructuring its business to speed up its evolution from a PC company to one focussed on powering the cloud and the connected world. Intel’s data centre products would process data from billions of devices, connected by the Intel-enabled Internet of Things solutions. Intel’s PC business would remain an important source of technology and revenue.
Intel also announced its first Intel-branded commercial drone, the Intel Falcon 8+, in 2016. The lightweight drone is for industrial inspection, surveying and mapping.
In 2017, Intel acquired computer vision and machine learning company Mobileye. This would allow Intel to deliver automated driving solutions, from the cloud to cars.
Intel also announced the world’s first global 5G modem, the Intel 5G Modem, in 2017.
In 2018, major server vendors adopted Intel Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) acceleration chips. FPGAs can be reprogrammed on the fly for speech recognition, A.I., analytics and other specialised tasks.
Oh, and those 2,018 drones – here is a brief video. Happy birthday Intel.