You may ask, why would one want a compact camera these days of camera-equipped smart phones? Well, if it’s the Panasonic Lumix DC-FT7 then there are two reasons: toughness and zoom.
The Lumix DC-FT7 is one of Panasonic’s tough range. That means it can take a moderate amount of punishment. I use the word “moderate” because if you drop it from high enough, smash it with a hammer or engage in similar levels of foolishness, it will break. But unlike most cameras, it is rated to survive a two metre drop, and can withstand sub-zero temperatures, and can take photos and video underwater.
It’s rated at IPX8. Panasonic says it’s good to 31 metres, which is seriously deep. If you dive that deep then you have to take into account things like gradual decompression during your ascent.
Inside is a 20.4 megapixel sensor. At the front is a smallish lens, inset into the body by a few millimetres for drop protection. At first I thought the camera was likely fixed in focal length, or had at most a very modest zoom range. But it turns out the camera uses folded optics – the incoming light is reflected (typically by a prism) in a different direction. That gives Panasonic more room to play with. The result is a 4.9mm to 22.8mm focal range. In 35mm-equivalent terms, that works out to 28mm to 128mm: a 4.65:1 zoom. That’s something not available with your typical phone camera. It also features optical image stabilisation.
The aperture appears to have two settings: f/3.3 for wider angle shots and f/5.9 for telephoto. The mechanical shutter speeds range from 4 seconds to 1/1,300th of a second, while there are electronic shutter speeds up to 1/16,000th of a second.
At the back there’s a 75mm, one-megapixel rear monitor behind tempered glass, and a small viewfinder, also a touch over one-megapixel in resolution. And that means that you can frame your shots, even in lighting conditions that make it difficult to use a rear monitor. The monitor has auto-brightness, and I found it useable in almost all circumstances. Most higher end cameras have the ability to automatically switch between the eyepiece and the monitor. With this one you have to tap a button to switch between the two. There’s dioptre adjustment for the viewfinder.
The battery and SD card slots are under a locking door at one end of the camera. The card’s a little fiddly because of tight space, but I could still manage it with a bit of care. Also under the door are the two connecting ports. One is Micro-B USB for charging and for connecting to a computer or printer. The other is Micro HDMI for outputting your photos and video to a TV.
The camera also features Wi-Fi connectivity. You can use this for transferring photos, but the most useful functions are remote control of the camera, and for adding locating tagging to your photos.
Panasonic has loaded up the camera with an interesting mixture of fancy functions from its higher end camera. There’s “Intelligent Auto” shooting mode, plus some pre-set scene modes. One of those is for underwater shooting. There’s also a manual mode so you can set your own exposure parameters.
What you can’t set is the focus. There is no manual focus. But there are several auto focus modes. If you’re doing tricky stuff you can choose spot focus, half-press the shutter and then adjust your framing. But if there’s a bird several branches back on a tree, you’re probably not going to be able to focus sharply on it.
However, you can use Panasonic’s post focus mode, which uses the 4K photo mode to take a video with a couple of dozen frames. Each of those is focused on a different part of the scene and you can select which frames you want to turn into pictures. The downside of this is that these are 8 megapixel shots rather than 20.
The 4K photo mode can also be set to “4K Pre-Burst”. You point the camera at where you expect the action to be. When it starts, you press the shutter and the half-second before and half-second after is captured.
But there’s proper burst mode shooting at full resolution, up to ten frames per second. You can have burst with auto focus tracking at two or five frames per second.
One thing not available: RAW format. Your photos will always be subject to a little post-processing by the camera.
On the video side of things, it can shoot UltraHD at up to 30 frames per second.