As smartphone sales stall, it looks like 2019 will be a bloodbath as smartphone vendors compete for a piece of a shrinking pie. The 2018 market is down 8% following four consecutive quarters of negative growth.
IDC and Strategy Analytics, both independent research companies, have similar statistics and conclusions. Smartphone sales stall is real.
In the Android camp,
the only way for one vendor to grow is to grab someone else’s Android Pie.
Strategy Analytics says Samsung lost 13.3% market share in
Q3 (quarter-on-quarter) and Huawei gained 32.5% at Samsung’s and the lesser
known makers expense.
In the Apple camp, operatingsystem swapping (Android to iOS or vice versa) is over – there are twoloyal camps. Apple must focus on the replacement market. This is handsets coming off Telco contracts orover three years old. But this has a hiddencost of guaranteed trade-ins reducing its profit.
Then there is a new player upsetting the equilibrium –refurbished phones.
Refurbs are popular in emerging economies. Australian company Brightstar, driven by Telco trade-in guarantees is doing a thriving business selling locally or shipping phones overseas.
These are mainly Apple iPhones. At the end of 2017 IDC estimated it was a US$17 billion market growing at 10% per annum. But, it has just revised that to a $52.7 billion market by2022. Forbes says real growth is closer to 22%. Counterpoint says it was 140million units (about 10% of all phone sales). That is 140 million sales lost from new phones.
Then there is the thriving second-hand market. Analysts say this is around 20% and growing too especially in the US where the right to repair is taking hold and making it economical to replace batteries – the main consumable that renders older smartphones useless.
The reasons for refurb and second-hand growth include
Longer upgrade cycles going from 12-24 months to28-36 months
Right to repair movement (especially in the US)having an impact via low-cost battery and screen replacement
Escalating new phone costs make second hand and refurbs more attractive
Apple no longer publishes sales it is interesting to look at its market.
Three assumptions underpin this segment
Little OS swapping
Stagnant or negative growth in new smartphone sales
Apple’s main market is replacements of older iPhones.
Reports of Apple iPhone XR, XS and XS Max sales stalling is worrying to its parts vendors and China-based Foxconn that assembles them. Estimates are that cancellations are around 33% of the 70 million annual order for iPhone XR alone. Apple has also drastically reduced orders for its two higher-priced models, the iPhone XS and iPhone XS Max.
Forbes reportsthat the iPhone market has contracted, e.g. it is saturated, and growth won’t pick up until well after 2020when 5G starts to be of interest to consumers.
In the wake of Apple refusing to publish iPhone sales, some interesting statistics have come from CIRP.
It found the total installed iPhone base in the US is 181million at the end of September 2018. Whatdoes that figure comprise?
It says the latest iPhone XS/Max, 8/Plus and X constitute an installed base of 45 million units (25%). The next segment comprise phones under three years at 61 million (30%). The next segment comprise phones over three years comprising 6S, 6S Plus and earlier, comprise 75 million (45%).
CIRP Partner and Co-Founder Mike Levin said:
“We see 75 million iPhone owners with models that were originally released three years ago or earlier. We can envision an upgrade cycle like the new iPhone 6 and 6 Plus when more than half of the installed base upgraded within a year.”
What that means is that half of that 75 million (37.50 m)may upgrade to the new XR or future phones, but the market won’t grow. To a large degree that reflects the recent Apple manufacturing cancellations.
It is not all bad Levin says. One hundred eighty-one million active smartphones users give the company a significant platform for the emerging strategy of selling more to that installed base. Thisincludes promoting Services and Other Products,which Apple just renamed Wearables, Home, and Accessories.
GadgetGuy’s take: Smartphone sales stall and wont pick up for a few years
Bottom line – with a saturated market the winner will be the most competitive offering a range of smartphones in all market niches. Apple’s market has peaked and refurbs and second hand cannibalise its new sales.