While achieving this aim certainly gives China an edge when it comes to advanced consumer products, it does far more. Regarding AI, the similarity between the present situation and the previous Cold War becomes most apparent. Though we think of AI tools as productivity aids, AI is also has a massive role in the design of cyberweapons, and already has a huge role in cybersecurity.
Many of the consumer technologies we take for granted (Teflon, Velcro, Microwaves…) were developed during the previous Cold War and were the direct result of government-sponsored weapons or space development programs.
It seems that mobile technologies, microchip architecture, and AI are sure to follow that trend.
Except that this time the foe is China, and the battleground is cyberspace.