Very few loudspeaker companies have as long a history as Klipsch. Like former president Bill Clinton, it was born in 1946 in Hope, Arkansas, and from the start focused on horn loaded high fidelity loudspeakers. To celebrate this long history, Klipsch is releasing two 70th Anniversary Heritage series speakers in a limited edition run of 70 pairs of each model. The original Cornwall speaker was introduced in 1959, while the current version is the Cornwall III. The La Scala first launched in 1963. The 70th Anniversary version is based on the La Scala II. Both models were heavily influenced by the company’s very first product: The Klipschorn.
I probably should say the “legendary” Klipschorn, since that appellation is normally added by hifi writers. A Klipschorn speaker had a horn for the high frequencies, a horn for the mid frequencies, and a massive horn for the bass. They were designed to sit in the corners of a room in such a way that the room itself became part of the horn.
Why horns? Because they increase the efficiency of loudspeakers. The job of a loudspeaker is to turn electrical energy into sound, but this turns out to be something that’s hard to do. An average high fidelity loudspeaker has its efficiency expressed as a “sensitivity” of 89dB. That’s shorthand for the level of the sound measured at one metre with one watt of power input.* That kind of measurement disguises embarrassing fact that the efficiency is just 0.5%. That is, with a regular high fidelity loudspeaker, 99.5% of your amplifier’s power gets turned into heat, and only one half of one per cent into sound.
That legendary Klipschorn – and the La Scala II speaker – aren’t 0.5% efficient. They are 20% efficient. For a given input, they will deliver forty times more sound than the average high fidelity loudspeaker!
Using traditional “sensitivity” measurements, the Klipsch La Scala II is rated at 105dB. The Klipsch Cornwall III isn’t quite so efficient. It’s rated at 102dB sensitivity, which is 10% efficient, or just twenty times as efficient as regular speakers.
Neither of these speakers is for the faint-hearted, nor for compact apartment dwellers. Both the La Scala II and the Cornwall III use the same enormous 380mm bass driver, topped with specially designed “compression drivers” (ie. horns with drivers specifically matched to the horn characteristics) for midrange and high frequencies. There are different for the two models.